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Showing posts from March, 2011

Jolokia + Highcharts = JMX for human beings

Java Management Extensions (JMX) is a well established, but not widespread technology allowing to monitor and manage every JVM. It provides tons of useful information, like CPU, thread and memory monitoring. Also every application can register its own metrics and operations in so called MBeanServer. Several libraries take advantage of JMX: Hibernate, EhCache and Logback and servers like Tomcat or Mule ESB, to name a few. This way one can monitor ORM performance, HTTP worker threads utilization, but also change logging levels, flush caches, etc. If you are creating your own library or container, JMX is a standard for monitoring, so please don't reinvent a wheel. Also Spring has a wonderful support for JMX.
If this standard is so wonderful, why aren't we using it all day long? Well, history of JMX reaches the dark ages of J2EE. Although the specification isn't that complicated, there are at least two disadvantages of JMX effectively discouraging people from using it. First on…

Tenfold increase in server throughput with Servlet 3.0 asynchronous processing

It is not a secret that Java servlet containers aren't particularly suited for handling large amount of concurrent users. Commonly established thread-per-request model effectively limits the number of concurrent connections to the number of concurrently running threads JVM can handle. And because every new thread introduces significant increase of memory footprint and CPU utilization (context switches), handling more than 100-200 concurrent connections seems like a ridiculous idea in Java. At least it was in pre-Servlet 3.0 era.
In this article we will write scalable and robust file download server with throttled speed limit. Second version, leveraging Servlet 3.0 asynchronous processing feature, will be able to handle ten times bigger load using even less threads. No additional hardware required, just few wise design decisions.
Token bucket algorithmBuilding a file download servers we have to consciously manage are our resources, especially network bandwidth. We don't want a si…